Worldwide spending on digital transformation (DX) technologies (hardware, software, and services) is expected to be nearly $1.3 trillion in 2018, an increase of 16.8% over the $1.1 trillion spent in 2017.
A new update to the Worldwide Semiannual Digital Transformation Spending Guide from International Data Corporation (IDC) forecasts DX spending to maintain a strong pace of growth over the 2016-2021 forecast period with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 17.9%. In 2021, DX spending will nearly double to more than $2.1 trillion.
The majority of spending on digital transformation in 2018 ($662 billion) will go toward technologies that support new or expanded operating models as organizations seek to make their operations more effective and responsive by leveraging digitally-connected products/services, assets, people, and trading partners.
The second largest DX investment area in 2018 ($326 billion) will be technologies supporting omni-experience innovations that transform how customers, partners, employees, and things communicate with each other and the products and services created to meet unique and individualized demand.
Information will also be an important DX investment area ($240 billion in 2018) as organizations strive to obtain and leverage information for competitive advantage through better decisions, optimized operations, and new products and services.
“At this point in the digital transformation era, all industries are investing heavily in 3rd Platform technologies,” said Eileen Smith, program director in IDC’s Customer Insights & Analysis Group. “While some industries are more focused on the core technologies underlying the 3rd Platform, particularly cloud, big data and analytics, and mobility, many have shifted their investment focus toward the Innovation Accelerators, such as the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence and cognitive computing, and robotics. While the investment strategies may differ from company to company, the objective remains the same: to reimagine and reconstruct the business to compete in the increasingly digital economy that’s platform-powered and ecosystem-enabled.”
The industries that will invest the most in digital transformation in 2018 are discrete manufacturing ($214 billion), professional services ($133 billion), process manufacturing ($132 billion), and transportation ($127 billion). All four industries are expected to spend the most on operating model transformation, with information transformation as the second largest area of investment for both the discrete and process manufacturing industries and omni-experience transformation coming in second for the professional services and transformation industries.
The industries that will see the fastest DX spending growth over the five-year forecast are construction (32.1% CAGR), retail (21.9% CAGR), and healthcare provider (21.7% CAGR).
The technology categories that will see the greatest amount of DX spending in 2018 are connectivity services, IT services, enterprise hardware, and applications. Investment in connectivity services will be central to those industries focusing on operating model transformation and omni-experience transformation. Industries focusing on information transformation are expected to invest more heavily in IT services and enterprise hardware. Investments in new applications will be important to virtually all industries as they pursue their DX strategies.
DX spending around the world
On a geographic basis, the United States will see DX spending of $437 billion in 2018 followed closely by the Asia/Pacific (excluding Japan) (APeJ) region at $412 billion. The U.S. will also maintain a five-year CAGR that outpaces the overall market, enabling it to remain the global leader throughout the forecast period.
DX spending in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa (EMEA) will total $280 billion in 2018. The geographic regions that will experience the fastest growth in DX spending are Canada (25.2% CAGR), Latin America (23.3% CAGR), Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) (22.1% CAGR), and the Middle East and Africa) (MEA) (22.0% CAGR).
“Digital transformation is gathering pace. The competitive pressures from early adopters are starting to force others to begin transformational efforts, no matter where they are based geographically,” said Jan Alexa, senior research analyst, IDC Insights, CEMA. “Even in regions with relatively slow uptake such as Central and Eastern Europe, where DX spending was just $21 billion in 2017, enterprises and public sector organizations are rethinking their approaches and embracing the change. This is evidenced by the strong spending growth in the region – a 22.1% year-over-year increase – going into 2018. We these transformational efforts will accelerate in all verticals worldwide over the next several years driven by the increasing need to face off the global competition.”